How to get a sustainable garden.
Read this post and you will get the best tips for a sustainable garden. You can read here about which plants attract insects, how to keep weeds down without pesticides, and how to care for the soil and much more!
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Plant varied and close.
You should promote biodiversity above and below ground by planting intensively and in a variety of ways. Plant a variety of things at different heights, including fruit trees, perennial flowers for the summer, flowering shrubs, bulbs, and towering, evergreen trees, and shrubs. For the garden’s wild insects and animals, it offers a variety of hiding spots, breeding grounds, food sources, and secure pathways. At the same time, it offers a diverse food for soil life. The plants get hardier and survive better the more it thrives.
Do not let bare soil.
Always make sure to cover the ground with vegetation and ground cover when farming the area. The abundant life that dwells underground, such as earthworms, fungi, and bacteria, is starved by the drying out and washing away of bare soil by wind and rain. The plants provide them with food, and because they provide the plants with water and other nutrients in return, they help to maintain the health and resiliency of the plants. The soil contains billions of microorganisms, which are your garden’s most valuable allies.
The best thing you can do for them is to supply nutrition in the form of plants and ground cover. Autumn leaves can be used as ground cover if they are allowed to lie in the beds and potentially scattered around a little. Compost, hedge and grass clippings, and dung from horses, cows, chickens, or rabbits can also be partially or completely converted. Any organic material can be used. Animal dung must compost for several months before coming into contact with plant roots, otherwise it may burn them. As a result, it can be used as a ground cover in the very early spring before the plants grow.
Collect the rainwater.
During dry periods, use rainwater to irrigate instead of drinking water from the faucet, which is our most precious resource. As a result, your water bill will be cheaper. Rainwater is also free of lime, which many plants prefer. It can be collected in a barrel linked to the house’s downspout or in a vessel placed beneath a drain from the greenhouse or annex’s roof. Rainwater can be utilized throughout the garden, except for directly on culinary crops that are made fresh, such as salad, because rainwater can include bacteria from bird droppings and other objects on the roof.
Organic materials from the garden, such as hedge, grass, and plant clippings, as well as fallen leaves, can be converted into nutrient-rich soil in a compost pile. In nature, it happens totally on its own, and you can also simply leave it on the ground to compost on its own. When you cut it into small pieces and pile it, it looks less dirty and moves faster. The warmth rises in the pile, which accelerates turnover. By stirring and watering the compost pile on a regular basis, you can control the temperature and humidity and therefore keep the activity going. If you want to know the temperature more precisely, you can use a compost thermometer.
In order to ensure turnover, the compost can also be created in a closed compost bin. Additionally, you can throw organic kitchen garbage in it. If there are rats nearby, however, pick a rat-proof container because kitchen waste tends to attract them. Not the garden rubbish.
Buy organic seeds and plants.
Today, nurseries thankfully place a lot of emphasis on biological pest control, but if you want to be 100% certain, buy organic plants and seeds. When this occurs, you may support those who grow in this manner while also knowing that they were grown in a sustainable manner. You can also increase the number of plant species in the garden by collecting your own seeds and taking cuttings from your own and other people’s plants. The seeds can either be directly scattered on the ground, as the plants do, or they can be dried out and kept cool until spring, when they can be sown out. The seeds are harvested in late summer when the seed stands are mature. The final approach frequently yields the best outcome. Because so many seeds are discarded in nature, there are a lot of them.
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